World AIDS Day 2016 in South Africa Thursday, December 1, is World AIDS Day , a fitting occasion to call attention to an HIV vaccine clinical trial that has started in South Africa . The vaccine being tested is based on one used in a Thailand trial in 2009 which had a protection rate of about 30 percent, reports the BBC. Results from the South Africa trial will be known in about four years. The study is code-named HVTN 702. It is led by Glenda Gray, a South African university ..
Development of The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam This is a guest post by Caila Glickman, volunteer intern for the Council on Foreign Relations’ department of Global Health. Caila is currently a pre-med student at Oberlin College studying chemistry and international relations. Her interests are in medicine, environmental science, and international law. In a vicious dispute over water allocation of the Nile River, Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan are wading through uncharted waters of..
Mobile Phones, the Internet, and South Africa The Institute of Race Relations’ (IRR) Centre for Risk Analysis has published a study that shows the dramatic increase in mobile phone usage in South Africa and its importance as a portal to internet usage. During the 2000-2014 period, fixed line subscriptions per one hundred people dropped by 38 percent while mobile phone subscriptions increased by 702 percent. The increase affected all races, but the growth is especially striking amo..
Australian Aborigines Aboriginal Australians, also referred to as Aborigines, are the indigenous inhabitants of the Australian continent and the island of Tasmania. They are the descendants of the first people to leave Africa up to 75,000 years ago, according to a 2011 genetic study published in Science Magazine.
The ANC’s Next Party Leader and the Next South African Chief of State Under South Africa’s system of proportional representation, the public does not vote directly for the president. Rather it is parliament that votes for the president. Because of the governing African National Congress’s (ANC) huge parliamentary majority, since the end of apartheid, parliament has always selected its party leader as head of state. The ANC will choose its next party leader no later than December 201..
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 17 – December 23 Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from December 17, 2016 to December 23, 2016. This update also represents violence related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These incidents will be included in the Nigeria Security Tracker . December 18: Suspected Boko Haram militants killed one fisherman and attempted to kidnap six..
This is absolutly wonerful! Thomas Roebers film ‘Foli’ shows the rhythmic daily life of Baro, a Malinke village in Guinea; it is entralling. Almost eleven minutes long, it can be a lot to watch in a busy day. Break it up, watch bits over the course of a day. It will bring into focus the rhythm’s of your life. A man who we assume to be one of the tribe’s leaders speaks occasionally throughout. His words form a kind of mantra, poem, prayer, with a rhythm of their own: (10:51)
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: November 26 – December 2 Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from November 26, 2016 to December 2, 2016. This update also represents violence related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These incidents will be included in the Nigeria Security Tracker . November 26: Nigerian troops killed thirty Boko Haram militants in Bama, Borno. November 27:..
S&P Leaves South Africa’s Bond Rating Unchanged Standard & Poor (S&P), the international credit rating agency, left its assessment of South Africa’s foreign-currency debt unchanged . It remains at the same level as Italy’s and India’s. However, it did lower South Africa’s local-currency rating, which remains above “junk.” On the S&P news, the South African currency, the Rand, rose 1.6 percent against the U.S. dollar, and yields of rand-denominated government bonds fell nine basis p..
Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: December 10 – December 16 Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from December 10, 2016 to December 16, 2016. This update also represents violence related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These incidents will be included in the Nigeria Security Tracker . December 10: During the Rivers rerun election, electoral violence lead to two deaths in Goka..
A ‘White’ Homeland in South Africa South Africa is a notoriously divided nation. There are eleven legal languages and four races with degrees of legal recognition (Indian/Asian, Black, Coloured, and White). Though Black Africans are about 80 percent of the population, they are divided into numerous ethnic groups, of which the Zulus are the largest, about a quarter of the population. South Africans sometimes say that there is no “majority” or “minority” in the country, with an overal..
Nigerian Military Massacres Civilians – Again Amnesty International has published a report claiming that the Nigerian military killed some 150 pro-Biafra demonstrators between August 2015 and August 2016. Amnesty analyzed 87 videos, 122 photographs, and took the testimony of 146 witnesses. It concludes that “the military fired live ammunition with little or no warning” into crowds of demonstrators. Amnesty also has “evidence of mass extrajudicial executions by security forces” of ..
Nobel Laureate Wole Soyinka “Disengages” from the United States Wole Soyinka, the first African to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature, says he has “torn up” his green card and left the United States to return to Nigeria . Soyinka’s act is in protest against the election of Donald Trump as U.S. president. During the campaign, Soyinka had said that he would leave the United States if Trump were elected. As reported in the British media, Soyinka said “I had a horror of what is to ..
The Dilemma of U.S. High-Profile Visits to African Conflict Zones High profile visits to war or disaster zones have long been common and popular among senior U.S. officials, as has foreign travel in general. Hillary Clinton was proud that she had traveled to 112 countries as secretary of state . At the same time, security requirements have grown, seemingly exponentially, often causing indignation among local people because of the disruption in their daily lives. And sometimes trage..
The Lower Omo Valley in Ethiopia holds an incredibly diverse array of tribes within a small area. The Hamer tribe is one of the largest and most recognisable due to the women who plat their hair and colour it with red clay. This photograph was taken in the small town of Turmi, close to where many of the Hamer people live.
Ten of Top Twenty Emergency Aid Recipients are African States A survey by IRIN, an independent, non-profit news agency now separate from the UN, lists the top twenty recipients and donors of emergency aid . Citing the OECD, it reports that total emergency aid spending in 2016 was $22 billion, about 16 percent of the $131.6 billion in total international aid spending. Syria and Iraq top the list of twenty emergency aid recipients. The ten African states are: South Sudan (4), Eth..
Learn a West African welcome song with “Fanga Alafia” which means “Welcome, peace, good will to you!” Also included in this lesson pak is a student article on Liberia, a recorded pronunciation guide for the Yoruba lyrics, and guided instructions on how to improvise a percussion accompaniment. Use this welcome song for the beginning of the school year, or to welcome guests to your classroom or school.